Frederick Law Olmsted was strongly influenced by Paxton’s design of Birkenhead Park, across the Mersey from Liverpool. These spatial relations that can still be experienced in Olmsted’s great New York parks, like Prospect Park.
‘Birkenhead park contains 120 acres, besides the leased villa grounds (60 acres) by which it is surrounded. It was undertaken as a land speculation, and though too small in scale and too garden-like for the general popular use of a large community, is very pleasing, and is one of the most instructive to study in Europe, having been laid out and the trees planted under the direction of the late Sir Joseph Paxton, over 30 years ago.’
Frederick Law Olmsted 1879